Introduction and Benefits
Basketball is a sport involving two teams competing to score points by shooting a ball through a hoop that is mounted at a fixed height. Basketball can be played successfully by individuals with a variety of disabilities. The two major versions of basketball played within the disability sport community are ambulatory and wheelchair basketball. Ambulatory basketball competition is offered by the USA Deaf Sports Federation (USADSF) , the Dwarf Athletic Association of America (DAAA) and the Special Olympics International (SOI) . For the most part, all forms of ambulatory basketball are played following the same rules as able-bodied basketball with a few minor modifications. Wheelchair Basketball is the most popular wheelchair sport played in the United States. It retains most major rules and scoring of able-bodied basketball along with a 10-foot basketball hoop and standard basketball court. The main exceptions are rules which have been modified with consideration for the wheelchair. To learn more, go to this article on Wheelchair Basketball.
- Participation in a team sport that involves both skill and strategy
- Inclusive sport where people with a variety of disabilities can play
- Cardiovascular fitness and muscle strengthening
- Burn calories and build endurance (an hour of basketball can burn 630–750 calories)
- Develop concentration and self-discipline
- Social interaction and friendship building