For Cold Weather:
- Protection layers the outer or shell layer which keeps the elements at bay.
- Warmth layer (fleece) - the middle layer which allows flexible retention of body heat to insulate against the cold.
- Comfort layer - worn next to the skin to keep away moisture and keep you dry and comfortable.
- Hat to shade your neck and face from the sun.
- Drinking water to prevent dehydration.
- Sun block to protect any skin that is exposed - must be waterproof and must be reapplied often.
- Sunglasses - to protect the eyes.
These items are especially important for those who are taking medications that make them sensitive to the sun or to warm temperatures.
Care should be taken to ensure that clothing:
- Does not restrict movement
- Protects against the weather
- Can be easily added to or removed, allowing for changes in temperature
- Does not get in the way of activity
It is important to wear layers of clothes made of breathable fabrics. This will allow you to add or remove layers as needed. Good choices for cooler temperatures include synthetic materials that fit snugly. For warmer temperatures, clothing should be lightweight. Tightly woven cotton that is loosely fitting is a good choice. Clothing that is too tight can restrict blood flow and reduce mobility, while clothing that is too loose can get in the way. It is important to remember that cotton will absorb water and add extra weight, which makes it a poor choice in colder weather.
A good first layer (next to your skin) is a bathing suit. A waterproof layer is a good outer layer, as it will reduce water spray from soaking into your clothing. Women may want to consider a two-piece bathing suit as it makes trips to the restroom easier.