The Survey Instrument
Items from the ACCT Operational Standards (5th ed.) were converted into statements that directly identified accessibility, disability, and/or inclusion concerns. For example, one standard states that the challenge course manager will provide services consistent with stated program mission and ethical practices. This standard was converted to a survey item that read, "The program philosophy addresses the inclusion of participants with disabilities." Respondents were given four possible responses to each question: NA= Not applicable, NI= Not Implemented, PI= Partially Implemented, and FI= Fully Implemented. Content validity was determined after a review of the instrument by a survey scholar, members of the ACCT Board, the ACCT Executive Director, and all members of the UAD. Internal reliability of the instrument was measured using the Cronbach's Alpha statistic and found to be acceptable at A=.96.Subjects
Subjects in this study were identified as those responding in the first membership study as having a program that serves people with disabilities. It was the intention of the original study to follow up with these respondents for the UAD study. Confidentiality was maintained in this study and verified through human subjects review from the Indiana State University, College of Health and Human Performance human subjects review board. The survey was mailed to 137 subjects with 38 usable surveys returned for a 28% return rate. This low return was disappointing, but we felt the results were still relevant given the likelihood of this being representative of challenge course programs that serve participants with disabilities. In fact, given that all these respondents are active members of ACCT and apparently concerned about the area of accessible challenge courses, these results could reflect what is better than average performance among all challenge course programs providing some level of service to participants with disabilities.