Inclusion as a Value
To value inclusion, one must start by valuing the individual and appreciating that each person is different. Shafik Abu-Tahir stated, 'Inclusion is recognizing that we are one even though we are not the same' (as cited in Dattilo, 2002, p. 26). He furthers this point, stating, 'Inclusion allows people to value differences in each other by recognizing that each person has an important contribution to make to our society' (as cited in Dattilo, 2002, p. 26). Sylvester, Voelkl, and Ellis (2001), as cited in Klitzing & Wachter, 2005, p. 64, expand upon this idea, explaining that recreation inclusion 'refers to empowering persons who have disabling conditions to become valued and active members of their communities through sociocultural involvement in community based leisure settings.' The term 'sociocultural' is significant here as it emphasizes that diversity is embraced and not lost in inclusion. Recreation experiences that embrace this value of inclusion allow for facilitation of meaningful relationships between people with and without disabilities. It is only through the development of these relationships that stereotypes and stigmas can be eliminated.