According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the United States, affecting approximately 50 million (1 in 5) adults 18 and older, as well as approximately 300,000 children under the age of 18. The condition is caused by chronic and recurring joint inflammation that can lead to joint pain, stiffness, and potential difficulty moving and more limited range of motion of the joint. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
The potential pain and limited mobility can lead or contribute to physical inactivity. A CDC report found that 43.6% of adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis are physically inactive, as compared to 36.4% without arthritis. This inactivity can further exacerbate arthritis symptoms and contribute to secondary conditions such as obesity and heart disease. Obesity can be particularly problematic, as it leads to even more stress being put on joints due to increased weight. One of the best proven methods to combat the potential negative effects of arthritis is through regular exercise and physical activity.