Modes of Exercises and Exercise Recommendations
Recent studies suggest the following types of exercises and/or physical activity are beneficial for individuals with HIV/AIDS:
- Rowing, or
- Using a treadmill
The following duration, frequency, and intensity ranges are recommended for individuals with HIV/AIDS when participating in aerobic and resistance/strength training exercises and programs.
An exercise program should last at least six weeks.
For people with HIV/AIDS, exercises should be done at least three times per week for at least 20 to 40 minutes
Based on an individual's age and weight, the recommended exercise intensity should be between 50 and 90 percent of possible effort. For resistance training, individuals should engage in one to two sets of six to eight repetitions at 60 percent of their one repetition maximum for each exercise, followed by one to three sets of eight to 10 repetitions at 80 to 90 percent of their one repetition maximum.
Studies note the following considerations and precautions for Individuals with HIV/AIDS:
- Individual cardiovascular and pulmonary health rates should be examined by a physician or a health care provider prior to engaging in exercise,
- Stage of disease and functional capacity, as well as CD4 count and viral load should be assessed, and
- Individuals should avoid prolonged and strenuous physical activity for more than 90 minutes.
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) provides the following exercise recommendations for individuals with HIV/AIDS:
- 30 to 60 minutes of aerobic activity 3 to 4 days per week. Intensity of the activity should be between 40 to 60 percent,
- Resistance training should have concentric and eccentric elements,
- The intensity should be moderate, approximately 60% of one-repetition max,
- Strength training should be performed at least 2 to 3 days per week , and
- Individuals should perform between 8 to 10 repetitions per exercise.