The pathology, the current literature, and the recommendations for exercise in those with osteoarthritis indicate the disease process can be detrimental, but hope definitely exists for those who have this disease. The current literature reveals many at risk for development, but the exercise guidelines offer potential for pain-free management, limited joint degeneration, and productive use of the affected joints along with improvements in overall health. Osteoarthritis can be managed, and those affected can live a healthy life without experiencing many of the possible disabling effects.
The challenge of osteoarthritis arises in persuading those suffering with the disease to exercise in order to enhance their health and limit joint pain and degradation, in spite of their fear of using painful joints. Health professionals have an obligation to recognize the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis, in addition to properly advising and conducting exercise programming and testing within this population. With the help of health professionals who have the privilege to conduct exercise sessions and teach the importance of self-regulated exercise programs, those with osteoarthritis have an excellent opportunity to enjoy healthy lives and reach their goals without the effects of osteoarthritis deterring them from their dreams.