Before beginning an exercise program, individuals with arthritis should consult with their doctor and any other medical professionals to determine how exercise and physical activity will affect them based on their level of osteoarthritis and the other treatments they may be receiving or have received (medications, injections, past or planned surgeries, assistive devices, etc.). Additionally, they may wish to consult with a physical and/or occupational therapist to determine if a guided active therapy session is appropriate to their needs and goals.
Individuals with osteoarthritis may benefit from acquiring and utilizing certain types of equipment to decrease impact of and increase stability during exercise and other physical activities. Such equipment can include appropriate footwear, orthotics, braces (ex: knee, ankle, back, etc.), and walking sticks or canes.