Guidelines for a Strength Program
- Know your client and his/her capabilities, limitations, and needs.
- Identify the facility or place where you will perform the program.
- Keep proper documentation on everything performed.
- Start slowly and progress gradually.
- Do not set up your client for failure *.
- If your participant attempts an exercise that cannot be completed, let him or her know that this is normal and part of the process.
- Use machines for clients with balance issues if training at a facility.
- Schedule breaks to boost energy whenever needed.
- Do not allow the client to determine his or her own weights.
- Always start with minimal weight or tension.
*There are a few ways to avoid setting up your participant for failure: Select an activity or an apparatus that the individual will be able to complete. Always start with the lightest weights or shortest distance possible. Do not set unrealistic goals or expectations. Carefully plan out your strategy and game plan before each session. Re-enforce the fact that what may seem to be an unsuccessful attempt at exceeding a boundary is actually a success in itself.
Problem: Sam exhibits narcissistic behavior in which he seeks out constant positive reassurance in relation to his appearance and body. He is very conscious of the development of his body, but he needs consistent motivation to train. He sometimes exhibits inappropriate social behaviors in public.
Solution: This narcissistic behavior works in the favor of the coach in persuading Sam to start training. The key with Sam is to be consistent and not vary from the schedule once it is in place, and he has begun training. Sam is very aware that he keeps a very rigid schedule of activities, and that he plans new activities around this schedule. Therefore, once the schedule is in place, it is very important to be consistent. For Sam, going to a community facility provides some of the motivation for his participation. It would be helpful to review proper social skills prior to entering the facility.