Inclusive Community Health Implementation Package (iCHIP)
All individuals have the right to conditions and resources that ensure optimal health. In fact, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life and promotes accessibility to jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. However, ingrained socioeconomic disadvantages and environmental, programmatic, and attitudinal barriers within communities still exist and are now widely recognized as major contributors to health disparities experienced by people with disability. People with disability experience significant barriers when attempting to access health and wellness activities, information, and services if those services are not designed to consider their preferences, needs, and disability. With rates of obesity two to four times higher in children and adults with disability compared to the general population, coupled with the limited federal, state, and local resources available for health promotion programs specific to people with disability, there is a compelling rationale for considering alternative methods for promoting health and wellness in populations with the greatest need.
The National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD) is an online hub for information and resources on physical activity and disability, positioned to serve as the nation’s premier center in promoting the health and wellness of people with disability. Center activities focus on (1) promoting inclusive policies, systems, and environments that support the needs of people with disabilities; and (2) improving health behaviors and weight management strategies that address obesity in children and adults with disabilities. NCHPAD actively works to create health equity for people with disabilities by building healthy, inclusive communities through training and collaboration. To help address the inequities faced by people with disability, NCHPAD has created the Inclusive Community Health Implementation Package (iCHIP). The iCHIP features interactive tools to help community health practitioners, organizations, and coalitions incorporate, enhance, and promote inclusion across all aspects of community health efforts. The iCHIP provides specific guidance, information, and resources related to community health leadership, communication, policy, programming, planning, assessment, and training. This article serves as an executive summary and will provide a glance into each component of this package.