The rehabilitation program consisted of occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, and therapeutic recreation. All were tailored to the individual participant's injury. Each participant attended physical therapy sessions three times each week for 1 hour. The sessions consisted of coordination, strength, and flexibility exercises with at least two of the three weekly sessions containing 15 to 20 minutes of aerobic exercise. The treadmill was used at least once per week.
Testing was conducted at the beginning and end of the rehabilitation program using a modified Balke and Ware treadmill test. Time between pre- and post-test varied for each participant, ranging from 6 to 32 weeks. Tests were stopped when the participants surpassed 85% of age-predicted heart rate or a respiratory quotient of 1.2, or exhibited signs of exercise intolerance.