What Test Items are on the BPFT?
The Brockport Physical Fitness test battery includes the 27 test items presented in Table I. However, a battery for one individual or category of disability generally includes four to six items. Many test items in the battery might be considered traditional. Other items might be considered nontraditional and have either been adopted or developed to meet abilities of youngsters with selected disabilities. The decision as to which test items are recommended for a particular individual is personalized following the steps listed below:
- Identify and select health-related concerns of importance to the youngster.
- Establish a desired personalized fitness profile with (or for, as necessary) the youngster.
- Select components and subcomponents of physical fitness to be assessed.
- Select test items to measure selected fitness components and subcomponents.
- Select health-related criterion-referenced standards to evaluate physical fitness.
It is important to realize that the test instructional manual and accompanying software program recommends test items for each of the major categories of disabilities based on this five-step personalized process. Thus, users of the test may simply adopt the test items recommended as a part of the test. On the other hand, users may change the number and nature of test items to be selected for a youngster. If they do, it is recommended that the steps presented above be followed.
To illustrate in more detail, a test item selection guide for youngsters with spinal cord injuries appears in Table 2. In the table it can be seen that test items recommended for a particular individual are based upon the individual's subclassification and age. Subclassifications are based upon level of involvement and method of ambulation. Test items designated as R are first choice recommendations for test items; those designated as 0 are acceptable but second choice alternative test items; those designated as TA mean that test items may need to be task analyzed if used and standards to evaluate them are individualized. (When an activity is "task-analyzed," it is broken down into its component parts and then each of those parts is evaluated separately.) In the example presented in Table 2, an individual with low-level quadriplegia would be administered four test items. In the BPFT, test selection guides are recommended for each of the major categories addressed by the test.