To improve static and dynamic postural stability, the Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America recommend the following exercises:
- Stand with feet as close together as possible, and try to maintain balance. Move the feet closer, and eventually onto the heels, then the toes, and finally onto one foot. Increase the duration based upon your progress.
- Walk close to a wall. Walk with a narrower base of support, striving for a heel/toe walk.
- Walk as above and add a head turn from left to right. Turn the head more often and faster as you progress.
- Practice turning around during walking. Begin with a large circle and gradually make it smaller, aiming for a complete 180-degree turn. Walk for five steps, then turn. Walk another five steps and turn. For further progression, dance movements will challenge the rotational stability.
- Visit a grocery store or shopping mall and practice the types of walking described above. Walk with the crowd and then against the crowd.
These exercises might cause dizziness at first. If the symptoms last for longer than 15 to 30 minutes, reduce the speed or duration during the next session. Aim to remain in each exercise for 15 seconds to 1 minute.