During an episode, it is thought that the inner ear swells, fills with excess fluid, and increases in pressure. According to the Balance Center at the Lahey Clinic, after an episode, the inner ear must compensate to recover from this damage. This recovery can be sped up through exercises that improve coordination, such as walking, running, or cycling. Keep in mind, however, that these exercises should be performed outdoors, as stationary bikes or treadmills will not provide the same benefits to the balance system.
According to the Vestibular Disorders Association (VEDA), when the inner ear balance function is disrupted, people rely more heavily on vision and proprioception (information from muscles and joints) to keep them upright. For example, a person with Meniere's may avoid certain head-turning motions, or develop a swagger in order to compensate for the disorder. A common trait is looking at the floor when walking in an effort to avoid the surrounding flutter of activity, which could lead to dizziness.
The VEDA reports that these adaptations can lead to headaches, muscle stiffness, neck ache and a decrease in the ability of the brain to retrain itself. The brain begins to rely heavily on the other cues instead of altering the messages coming from the balance center. The VEDA suggests vestibular therapy to retrain the brain to process the balance information coming from the combination of vision, proprioception, and the balance mechanism. This may help to desensitize the balance system to movements that produce dizziness. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises are to be performed by a certified therapist, but one can also help to take control over one's own body by working to improve muscular strength. A stronger muscle is easier to identify when it is moving throughout open space.