Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors
The 2008 US Department of Health and Human Services Physical Activity Guidelines are generally appropriate for cancer survivors.² These Guidelines include 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week. The Guidelines also include strength training to involve two to three weekly sessions working all major muscle groups. These Guidelines should be followed by cancer survivors in most cases with some specific exercise programming adaptations based on disease and treatment-related adverse effects.² Exercise programs for cancer survivors should be adapted for that individual survivor with relation to their health status, treatment plan, and anticipated disease duration. The following guidelines are derived from the ACSM Roundtable on Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors and include breast, prostate, colon, hematologic, and gynecologic cancers in adults.
In general, for all cancers the consensus is to avoid inactivity and return to normal daily activities as soon as possible post-surgery and after nonsurgical treatments. This statement is generally appropriate for cancer survivors and should also note important alterations in specific cancers or for specific exercise training modalities.